Experience, Contextual interference and elaboration effects on the flexibility of memory.

  • 199 Pages
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  • English
Microform Publications, College of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Oregon , Eugene
The Physical Object
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Open LibraryOL17368598M

Get this from a library. Experience, contextual interference and elaboration effects on the flexibility of memory. [Emily Hope Wughalter]. The act of generating a solution to a motor problem (e.g., retrieving a motor program and its parameters from long-term memory); facilitated by a random-practice schedule.

Parameters The variable inputs to a generalized motor program, such as speed for amplitude of the movement, which result in different surface features. Contextual Interference Effect: Elaborative Processing elaboration is essential to enhance motor learning, as. Contextual effects in memory.

Memory and Control of Action Richard (d) e. 0 North-Holland Publishing Company, CONTEXT EFFECTS IN MEMORY AND LEARNING MOVEMENT INFORMATION John B.

Shea Pennsylvania State University Susan T. Zimny University of Colorado A theoretical framework is offered that interprets Battig's () conceptualization of contextual interference Cited by: A theoretical framework is offered that interprets Battig's () conceptualization of contextual interference in terms of the multiple and variable processing that result from the concurrent.

Thus far, all studies examining the influence of emotion on memory for contextual details have tested memory at only one point in time, usually a short while after encoding (e.g., Anderson and Shimamura,Kensinger and Schacter, a, Kensinger and Schacter, b, May et al., ).

These studies were unable to fully examine the Cited by: A third topic of ongoing discussion is the question whether the strength of sleep dependent memory consolidation is mediated by the amount of time spent in a specific sleep stage, i.e., by the “macrostructure” of sleep.

9,20 –22 For example, declarative memory has been proposed to benefit mainly from slow wave sleep (SWS).

1 However, the. Contextual interference effects on the Contextual interference and elaboration effects on the flexibility of memory. book, retention, and transfer of a motor skill. Journal of Experimental Psychology-Human Learning and Memory, 5, Contextual Memory could be defined as the ability to memorize and discern the origin of a specific memory.

This memory can include time, place, people, emotion, or any other kind of contextual information related to the memory. Thus, our results do not support the notion that higher contextual interference promotes immediate learning benefits nor long-term retention of internal representations.

Description Experience, Contextual interference and elaboration effects on the flexibility of memory. PDF

Nevertheless, future research should further investigate the processes underlying the contextual interference effect, since short-term gains (24 h) were found. Individual Differences in Children’s Event Memory Reports and the Narrative Elaboration Technique Deirdre Brown and Margaret-Ellen Pipe University of Otago Children between 7 and 8 years old took part in a staged event at school and 1 week later were assessed.

Start studying motor learning - test 1 example questions, KIN Exam 1, KIN FINAL Exam, KIN Test 1, KIN FINAL EXAM part 1, Motor Learning - Exam 1 - Part 1, Kin Final pt. 1, Kin Final Pt.

Details Experience, Contextual interference and elaboration effects on the flexibility of memory. FB2

2, Kin test 1, KIN Midterm Exam, Kin Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Introducing high levels of contextual interference into a practice schedule has generally been shown to depress performance but improve learning. An explanation of the contextual interference effect suggesting that random practice promotes trial-to-trial forgetting from working memory, and subsequently promotes the retrieval and.

How Forgetting Facilitates Remembering: An Analysis of the Contextual Interference Effect in Motor Learning The term "contextual interference", which originated in the verbal learning literature (Battig, ), refers to functional or beneficial interference from Cited by: 7.

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This study investigated whether conceptual implicit memory is sensitive to process-specific interference at the time of retrieval.

Participants performed the implicit memory test of category exemplar generation (CEG; Experiments 1 and 3), or the matched explicit memory test of category-cued recall (Experiment 2), both of which are conceptually driven memory tasks, Cited by: 4. Nevertheless, as mentioned above, trial-by-trial subjective effects are unlikely to reflect solely an artifact of subjects observing their own RTs, for the effects arise even when the influence of RTs is statistically accounted for, and also when RT effects are eradicated (e.g., by having subjects delay their response; Morsella et al., b).Cited by: 3.

There is evidence that the learning benefits of Contextual Interference (CI) are moderated by experience, yet we do not know if these experiences are related to specific practice with random schedules.

In two experiments, CI practice schedule was manipulated on Day 1. Rent or buy A Multilevel Approach to the Study of Motor Control and Learning -   A systematic review of the relationship between rigidity/flexibility and transdiagnostic cognitive and behavioral processes that maintain psychopathology Show all authors.

Lydia Morris. Emotional interference in working memory is related to by: 5. Suggested Citation: "3 Learning and Transfer." National Research Council.

How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / BOX What People Learn. Ericsson et al. () worked extensively with a college student for well over a year, increasing. Retention and transfer of motor tasks was greater for high interference (random) acquisition groups than for low interference (blocked) acquisition groups.

This effect was most notable when transfer was measured for the transfer task of greatest complexity. Results support Battig's conceptualization of contextual interference effects on retention and by: Stress is a strong modulator of memory function.

However, memory is not a unitary process and stress seems to exert different effects depending on the memory type under study. Here, we explored the impact of social stress on different aspects of human memory, including tests for explicit memory and working memory (for neutral materials), as well as implicit memory Cited by: claimed as trademarks.

Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps or all caps. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Rose, Debra J. A multilevel approach to the study of motor control and learning/Debra J.

Rose, Robert W. Your text discusses how episodic and semantic memories are interconnected. This discussion revealed that when we experience events, A.

episodic memory for events lasts longer than semantic memory for the events. the knowledge that makes up semantic memories is initially attained through a personal experience based in episodic memory. This is the first book to provide an in-depth examination of cognitive flexibility: how it develops across the lifespan; its role in specific literacy processes, such as phonemic awareness, word recognition, and comprehension; and implications for Format: Hardcover.

The effects of divided attention on implicit and explicit memory performance - Volume 2 Issue 2 - Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe Skip to main content We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our by: You can write a book review and share your experiences.

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Free ebooks since [email protected] contextual encoding subserves various learning capacities such as spatial navigation and context-dependent learning. In humans, contextual (relational) encoding is proposed to mediate conscious retrieval of memories of past facts and eve Memory performance on contextual tasks (and episodic tasks.

impairing effects of emotional content on memory. Denburg and colleagues () had young and older adults study photographs. The participants were then given different types of memory tasks (free recall, cued recall, forced-choice recognition).

The logic was that memory for gist-based information, proposed to be enhanced. Cognitive Flexibility Theory focuses on the nature of learning in complex and ill structure domain. It emphasizes the advanced knowledge acquisition, which allows "flexible reassembly of preexisting knowledge to adaptively fit the needs of a new situation." (Sprio, Feltovich, Jacobson & Coulson, ).

Cognitive flexibility and epistemic validation 3 Cognitive flexibility and epistemic validation in learning from multiple texts The concept of cognitive flexibility has been introduced by Spiro and coworkers as an important objective for advanced learning in ill-structured domains (Spiro, Feltovich, Coulson, & Anderson, ).Cognitive flexibility is within the scope of WikiProject Autism, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of all aspects of autism and Autistic culture on Wikipedia.

If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. GA This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale.It was argued that the basic principles of operation of human memory can be understood as an optimization to the information-retrieval task that human memory faces.

Basically, memory is using the statistics derived from past experience to predict what memories are currently relevant. It was shown that the effects of frequency, recency, and spacing of practice can be predicted Cited by: